Full Canine First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) Curriculum

Our Canine First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) course includes first aid topics and training to empower you to take care of your pet. We include a variety of first aid topics including help for small, young, or older dogs. Included below are some examples of what you will learn in this course.

Car Accidents Car Accidents

Dealing with Animal Accidents Near Roads

Avoiding Accidents with Cars

  • Leash Your Dog: Keep your dog on a lead when on or near the road.
  • Caution with Vehicles: Be careful when loading or unloading pets into vehicles.

Reporting Collisions with Animals

Legal Obligations and Responsibilities

  • Immediate Reporting: If you collide with certain animals (e.g., Dog, Horse, Pig, Sheep, Goat, Donkey, Mule, or Cattle), stop and report the incident to the police promptly.
  • Remain at the Scene: Stay at the scene until permitted by the police, regardless of the animal's condition.
  • Witnessed Incidents: If you witness an accident and the driver flees, record their registration number and report to authorities.

Providing First Aid to Injured Animals

Ensuring Safety and Prompt Care

  • Seek Veterinary Assistance: Locate and contact a local vet for guidance.
  • Follow Veterinary Advice: Abide by the vet's recommendations for treatment.
  • Safely Transporting Injured Animals: If necessary, use your car parcel shelf or mat for transportation.
  • Contacting the Owner: In the case of a dog, try to reach the owner if possible.
  • Maintain Calm and Warmth: Keep the animal calm, warm, and minimize excessive movement.
  • Bleeding Control: Address any bleeding appropriately.
  • Be Cautious: Injured animals may act unpredictably, so approach them carefully to avoid bites or scratches.
  • Avoid Medications or Food: Refrain from giving any substances that may interfere with veterinary treatment.

Assisting at the Veterinary Practice

  • Notify the Vet: Ensure the vet is expecting your arrival to expedite the animal's care.
  • Prompt Care: Timely assistance upon arrival at the vet's practice.

Pet Proofing your home Pet Proofing your home

Preventing Accidents in Pet-Friendly Areas

Importance of Prevention

Proactive Safety Measures

Preventing accidents is paramount; conducting safety assessments in areas frequented by animals is crucial.

Identifying Potential Hazards

Areas Requiring Vigilance

  • Garden Fences: Ensure secure fencing to prevent escapes.
  • Garden Chemicals: Beware of substances like slug pellets that may be toxic to pets.
  • Potentially Toxic Plants: Identify and remove plants harmful to animals.
  • Windows: Safeguard against falls or injuries.
  • Outdoor Glass Tables: Minimize collision risks with glass furniture.
  • Outdoor Electrical Connections: Prevent electrical hazards in outdoor spaces.
  • Heaters: Avoid burns, shocks, and injuries related to heaters.
  • Shelves: Secure shelves to prevent them from falling.
  • Electrical Cables: Conceal or secure cables to prevent chewing or tripping hazards.
  • Front Door: Ensure safety at entry points to prevent pets from escaping.
  • Stairs: Make staircases safe and accessible for pets.
  • Cookers: Prevent burns or accidents related to cookers.
  • Kettles: Keep kettles and hot objects out of reach to avoid burns.
  • Knives: Store knives securely to prevent access by pets.
  • Electrical Appliances: Safeguard appliances against potential mishaps.
  • Gas Boilers: Address fumes and safety concerns related to gas boilers.

Paw Problems Paw Problems

Paw Injuries in Dogs

Preventing and Treating Common Paw Injuries

Learn how to handle and prevent common paw injuries in dogs.

1. Removing Small Debris

Common Issue: Small stones or debris trapped between paw pads.

To address this:

  • Gently brush off debris using your hand
  • Exercise caution to avoid causing further discomfort

2. Dealing with Thorns

Common Issue: Thorns embedded in paw pads.

Follow these steps:

  • Carefully remove thorns with tweezers
  • Remove as close to the skin as possible

3. Protecting Against Heat

Consideration: Hot pavements and roads in warm climates.

Prevent paw injuries from hot surfaces:

  • Exercise dogs during cooler hours (early morning or late evening)

4. Winter Paw Care

Consideration: Snow and icy conditions.

Protect paws during winter walks:

  • Beware of snow trapped between paw pads causing pain
  • Avoid areas heavily salted or gritted
  • Wash your dog's paws in lukewarm water after walks

Seek Professional Advice

If the injury is serious or you have concerns, don't hesitate to consult your vet for guidance and treatment.

Dogs and Illnesses Dogs and Illnesses

Recognizing Signs of Illness in Dogs


The Importance of Early Recognition

Understanding every possible illness in dogs is not necessary, but recognizing when something is amiss holds great importance. Early identification of illness allows for timely treatment, preventing it from becoming a serious concern.

What a Healthy Dog Looks Like

Key Indicators of Health

  • Brightness, Alertness, and Mobility
  • Normal Head and Tail Position
  • Clean Skin Without Irritations
  • Absence of Fleas or Insects
  • Clear, Bright Eyes
  • Normal Eye Colour
  • Clean Ears Without Dirt or Odour
  • Clean Mouth with Healthy Gums and No Excessive Saliva
  • No Unusual Nasal Discharge
  • Clean Tail Area
  • Healthy Paws with No Swelling or Redness

If you are familiar with what is normal for your pet, you will readily notice when something is awry.

Recognizing Signs vs. Symptoms

Understanding Pet Observations

In the case of animals, you do not have symptoms as they cannot communicate verbally. However, they exhibit various signs that observant pet owners can notice and act upon.

Potential Health Concerns

Common Conditions to Watch For

  • Parasites: Indicated by skin licking, scratching, or redness.
  • Hair Loss: Can suggest a reaction to fleas.
  • Eye Disorders: May exhibit discharge, blood in the eyes, or vision problems.
  • Heart Problems: Signs include weakness, exhaustion, fainting, pain, and reduced energy.
  • Bone and Joint Problems: May result in lameness, discomfort, or paralysis.
  • Mouth and Tooth Disorders: Indicated by mouth bleeding, growths, bad breath, or redness. Excessive saliva and eating reluctance can also be signs.
  • Seizures or Fits: May suggest a nervous disorder.
  • Digestive Disorders: Signaled by vomiting, diarrhea, weight fluctuations, or stomach tenderness.
  • Urinary Disorders: Indicated by frequent urination, urination problems, blood in urine, odour, or discharge.
  • Respiratory Disorders: Signs include coughing, breathing noises, wheezing, sneezing, laboured breathing, or nasal discharge.

Consulting the Veterinarian

Seeking Professional Help

If you observe any concerning signs or unfamiliar issues, it is essential to consult your vet promptly. Provide as much information as possible, either by remembering or noting down what you've noticed. The vet will conduct a thorough examination, perform necessary tests, and diagnose and treat your pet accordingly.

Canine First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) Curriculum Includes:

Below is the content of the online course. Classroom courses may vary slightly.

Introduction to Canine First Aid

  • Introduction to Canine First Aid
  • Canine First Aid Course Overview
  • What is pet first aid and why do we need it
  • The vet and your role in first aid
  • When is Veterinary Care Required
  • Keeping your pet safe in an emergency
  • Car Accidents
  • Pet Proofing your home
  • How pets show pain
  • Checking your pet's health and finding out what is normal
  • Taking a Pulse
  • Pet First Aid Kits

CPR, Accidents and First Aid

  • Breathing and respiratory problems
  • Pet CPR Introduction
  • Pet CPR
  • Pet CPR Practical Demonstration
  • Drowning and Treatment
  • Shock
  • Pet fractures treatment
  • Spinal injury and moving an injured pet

Medical Conditions

  • Types of Bleeding
  • Dressings, bandages and controlling bleeding
  • Pet wrap bandages
  • Paw Problems
  • Nail and Claw Injuries
  • Bandaging the Ear
  • Bandaging the tail and tail injuries
  • Bandage aftercare
  • Vomiting in Animals
  • Dog Digestive Process
  • Pets and Illnesses
  • Stings on animals
  • High Temperatures and Heatstroke
  • Hypothermia Treatment
  • Seizures and Epilepsy
  • Choking Overview
  • Choking
  • Snake Bites on Pets
  • Fleas
  • Ticks
  • Insect Stings
  • Diabetes

Different types and sizes of dogs

  • The Older Dog
  • Brachycephalic dogs

Summary of Pet First Aid

  • Fireworks and thunderstorms
  • Summary of Pet First Aid