Full Canine First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) Curriculum

Our Canine First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) course includes first aid topics and training to empower you to take care of your pet. We include a variety of first aid topics including help for small, young, or older dogs. Included below are some examples of what you will learn in this course.

Car Accidents Car Accidents

Avoid accidents with cars by

  1. Keeping your dog on a lead when on or near road
  2. Take care when unloading or loading your pets into vehicles

If you are driving and collide with any of the animals listed below you must stop and report it to the police as quickly as possible, you must remain at the scene until the police give you permission to leave.  This applies whether the animal has been killed or not.

  • Dog
  • Horse
  • Pig
  • Sheep
  • Goat
  • Donkey or mule
  • Or cattle

If you witness an accident and the driver fails to stop or leaves the scene, try to make a note of their registration number and pass the information to the authorities.

If you need to treat an injured animal, make sure that in doing so you don't endanger yourself or other road users.

  • Locate and contact a local vet if possible
  • Follow their advice
  • You may need to move the animal to safety or to take it to the vet, consider using your car parcel shelf or mat
  • If it is a dog contact the owner if possible
  • Use a car shelf or mat to transport the animal to the vet
  • Keep the animal calm and warm and avoid excessive movement
  • Control bleeding

Animals may act aggressively or out of character when they are in pain or scared, so take extra care and talk to them the whole time and be careful not to get bitten or scratched.

Do not give medications or food as this can interfere with the treatments a vet will maybe give and can delay further treatments.

Once you arrive at the vet, if they are expecting you they can come to your car and assist you in bringing the animal into the practice. Making sure they are expecting you will ensure that the animal receives prompt care on arrival.

Pet Proofing your home Pet Proofing your home

Prevention is better than cure, so ensuring the areas that animals are kept safe is very important. Finding all dangers is not easy but taking a little time to look over your home could prevent an accident from happening.

Some areas you can look out for dangers are:

  • Garden Fences
  • Garden chemicals like slug pellets
  • Potentially toxic plants
  • Windows
  • Outside glass-like tables
  • Outside electrical connections
  • Heaters, shock, burns
  • Shelves
  • Electrical cables 
  • Front door 
  • Stairs
  • Cookers 
  • Kettles  
  • Knives 
  • Electrical appliances  
  • Gas boilers, fumes

Paw Problems Paw Problems

Injuries to paws are very common, especially with dogs. 

  • Small stones trapped between the pads can be brushed off gently with your hand
  • Remove small thorns out carefully, as close to the skin as possible using tweezers
  • Pavements and roads can become very hot in warm climates, dogs should be exercised early in the morning and late in the evening to avoid possible injury to paws
  • Take care if walking dogs in snowy and icy conditions, snow trapped between pads can cause pain and injury, take care not to walk your dog where heavy salting and gritting has taken place, consider washing their paws in luke-warm water
  • As with all injuries if more serious or if you are concerned, seek advice from your vet.

Pets and Illnesses Pets and Illnesses

There are many types of illness, far too many to include them all on this course. Understanding every illness is not vital but understanding when something is wrong is important as early recognition of illness will enable treatment before it gets too serious.

Firstly you need to know what a healthy dog is like then you know when something is wrong.

  • They should be bright, alert and moving about freely
  • They will hold their head in the normal position and their tail will be in its usual places not firmly between their legs
  • Their skin will be clean and with no irritations 
  • They should show no indication of fleas or insects
  • Eyes will be open, bright and free of any unusual discharge
  • The eye colour should be normal with no redness or blood in the eyes
  • The ears will be clean and free of dirt or odour
  • The mouth will be clean, with no inflammation or redness in the gums and no excessive saliva
  • There will be no excessive or unusual discharge from the nose
  • The area under the tail will be clean with no irritation
  • Paws clean with no swelling, redness or tenderness

If you know what normal is for your pet you should easily know when something is wrong.

Signs are things you observe and symptoms are what the patient tells you. With animals, unfortunately, you do not have symptoms because they cannot tell you but they have a lot of ways they give you signs that you can observe and act on.

Conditions that could be the wrong include:

  • Parasites, licking, scratching or redness on the skin could indicate the presence of parasites
  • Hair loss can indicate a reaction to fleas
  • Eye disorders which will show discharge, blood in the eyes or sight problems
  • Heart problems which show as weakness, exhaustion, fainting, pain and lack of energy
  • Bone and joint problems showing as lameness, discomfort or paralysis
  • Mouth and tooth disorders showing as blood in the mouth, growths or tumours, bad breath or redness. Excessive saliva and reluctance to eat could also indicate a problem
  • Seizures or fits could indicate a nervous disorder
  • Vomiting, Diarrhoea, weight loss/gain or tenderness around the stomach could indicate a digestive disorder
  • Frequent urination, problems urinating, blood in urine, odour or discharge could be due to a urinary disorder
  • Respiratory disorders showing as coughing, breathing noises, wheezing, sneezing, laboured breathing or discharge from the nose.

If you notice any of these problems or signs that you do not know what they are, you need to ask your vet. Your vet will need to know as much as possible, so remember or write down what you see. The vet will examine your pet and carry out any tests necessary to diagnose and treat your pet.

Canine First Aid Level 2 (VTQ) Curriculum Includes:

Below is the content of the online course. Classroom courses may vary slightly.

Introduction to Canine First Aid

  • Introduction to Canine First Aid
  • Canine First Aid Course Overview
  • What is pet first aid and why do we need it
  • The vet and your role in first aid
  • When is Veterinary Care Required
  • Keeping your pet safe in an emergency
  • Car Accidents
  • Pet Proofing your home
  • How pets show pain
  • Checking your pet's health and finding out what is normal
  • Taking a Pulse
  • Pet First Aid Kits

CPR, Accidents and First Aid

  • Breathing and respiratory problems
  • Pet CPR Introduction
  • Pet CPR
  • Pet CPR Practical Demonstration
  • Drowning and Treatment
  • Shock
  • Pet fractures treatment
  • Spinal injury and moving an injured pet

Medical Conditions

  • Types of Bleeding
  • Dressings, bandages and controlling bleeding
  • Pet wrap bandages
  • Paw Problems
  • Nail and Claw Injuries
  • Bandaging the Ear
  • Bandaging the tail and tail injuries
  • Bandage aftercare
  • Vomiting in Animals
  • Dog Digestive Process
  • Pets and Illnesses
  • Stings on animals
  • High Temperatures and Heatstroke
  • Hypothermia Treatment
  • Seizures and Epilepsy
  • Choking Overview
  • Choking
  • Snake Bites on Pets
  • Fleas
  • Ticks
  • Insect Stings
  • Diabetes

Different types and sizes of dogs

  • The Older Dog
  • Brachycephalic dogs

Summary of Pet First Aid

  • Fireworks and thunderstorms
  • Summary of Pet First Aid